Here's an implausible futuristic science fictionish story from 2006 New Scientist that seemed too good to be true. However, it is good and it is true. So true, in fact, that Long Island New York is using the system right now at one of their landfills to create natural gas.
A US company is taking plastics recycling to another level - turning them back into the oil they were made from, and gas.Global Resource Corp has entered Phase 2 with a much larger prototype to prove the principles established with the HAWK-10 will work on a larger scale.
All that is needed, claims Global Resource Corporation (GRC), is a finely tuned microwave and - hey presto! - a mix of materials that were made from oil can be reduced back to oil and combustible gas (and a few leftovers).
Key to GRC's process is a machine that uses 1200 different frequencies within the microwave range, which act on specific hydrocarbon materials. As the material is zapped at the appropriate wavelength, part of the hydrocarbons that make up the plastic and rubber in the material are broken down into diesel oil and combustible gas.
GRC's machine is called the Hawk-10. Its smaller incarnations look just like an industrial microwave with bits of machinery attached to it. Larger versions resemble a concrete mixer.
"Anything that has a hydrocarbon base will be affected by our process," says Jerry Meddick, director of business development at GRC, based in New Jersey. "We release those hydrocarbon molecules from the material and it then becomes gas and oil."
Whatever does not have a hydrocarbon base is left behind, minus any water it contained as this gets evaporated in the microwave.
"Take a piece of copper wiring," says Meddick. "It is encased in plastic - a kind of hydrocarbon material. We release all the hydrocarbons, which strips the casing off the wire." Not only does the process produce fuel in the form of oil and gas, it also makes it easier to extract the copper wire for recycling.
Similarly, running 9.1 kilograms of ground-up tyres through the Hawk-10 produces 4.54 litres of diesel oil, 1.42 cubic metres of combustible gas, 1 kg of steel and 3.40 kg of carbon black, Meddick says.
Gershow Recycling, a scrap metal company based in New York, US, has just said it will be the first to buy a Hawk-10. Gershow collects metal products, shreds them and turns them into usable pure metals. Most of its scrap comes from old cars, but for every ton of steel that the company recovers, between 226 kg and 318 kg of "autofluff" is produced.
Autofluff is the stuff that is left over after a car has been shredded and the steel extracted. It contains plastics, rubber, wood, paper, fabrics, glass, sand, dirt, and various bits of metal. GRC says its Hawk-10 can extract enough oil and gas from the left-over fluff to run the Hawk-10 itself and a number of other machines used by Gershow.
Because it makes extracting reusable metal more efficient and evaporates water from autofluff, the Hawk-10 should also reduce the amount of end material that needs to be deposited in landfill sites.
The first phase machine was a drum type design which helped developed several of the principles to apply in our 2nd phase. The 2nd phase machine is a conveyor type process with design features that makes it unique from any other microwave application and more efficient than conventional heating processes.Damn those evil capitalist free marketers! They'll do anything to make a buck. They'll even save the planet for money. Damn their greedy fat cat asses!
The primary purpose of this machine is to confirm the principles that will be utilized in commercial scale operations. We have already successfully demonstrated many of these principles and will continue to make adjustments to implement in the full scale commercial units. The second purpose is to test various feedstock's prior to releasing processes for production.
Government could have done the same thing in a decade or two...or three...possibly four or five, but no more... definitely before the end of the 21st century or early 22nd.
The life of Indigo Red is full of adventure. Tune in next time for the Further Adventures of Indigo Red.