ROUNDTABLE II: THE FUTURE OF NORTH AMERICAN LABOR MOBILITYThe "Secure Borders, Economic Opportunity and Immigration Reform Act of 2007" being debated in the Senate this week, initially would grant amnesty-lite to 12-20 million illegal aliens, including thousands of gang members and suspected terrorists. Along with the amnesty-lite, the act provides speeding the process for the implementation of the Security and Prosperity Partnership (SPP).
Much of the contemporary literature on globalization principally focuses on the liberalization of trade and investment and, to a lesser extent, on labor mobility and its direct or indirect implications on a nation’s economy. Nevertheless, the phenomenon of international migration of labor is embedded in the current trend of economic openness. Economic linkages serve as bridges for the international movement not only of goods and capital, but also of people. Such changes in the global economy have led to the creation of a new international division of labor—the shifting labor markets that arise from changing the geographic specialization of global production patterns. Production now transcends national borders and is facilitated by advances in technology and communications as well as increased financial deregulation. The changing global production system and the increasing demand for a mobile labor supply will inherently affect domestic and international labor markets and wages into the year 2025.
The North American Future 2025 project will examine the trends in North American labor mobility—that is, the flows of labor migration—factoring in projections of demographics, growth in each country’s gross domestic product, job creation in formal and informal sectors, and differences in wage levels. By examining the demand-pull and supply-push factors that affect labor mobility in North America between the present and 2025, Center for Strategic & International Studies (CSIS) North American Future 2025 Project policymakers from Canada, the United States, and Mexico will be able to formulate sounder national policy as well as identify possible areas in which trilateral and transnational policies can be coordinated.
In 2000, the United Nations estimated that, of a global population of 6 billion people, about 175 million—or 3 percent of the world’s population—were international migrants. The level of Mexican migration into the United States was greater, with 9 percent of Mexican-born individuals living in the United States. The free flow of people across national borders will undoubtedly continue throughout the world as well as in North America, as will the social, political, and economic challenges that accompany this trend. In order to remain competitive in the global economy, it is imperative for the twenty-first-century North American labor market to possess the flexibility necessary to meet industrial labor demands on a transitional basis and in a way that responds to market forces. This demand will prompt policymakers to think creatively about prospective policy options.
The White House and Senate compromise immigration bill refers to the SPP agreement signed by the heads-of-state of Mexico, Canada, and the US on March 23, 2003. The agreement has been compared to the roadmap that created the European Union. The EU began as a simple harmonization of economic regulations and border crossing simplification, too.
Time-stamped May 18, 2007 11:58 p.m, page 211 of the proposed immigration law reads:
"It is the sense of Congress that the United States and Mexico should accelerate the implementation of the Partnership for Prosperity to help generate economic growth and improve the standard of living in Mexico, which will lead to reduced migration."Welcome to Camerico, North American Union.
The life of Indigo Red is full of adventure. Tune in next time for the Further Adventures of Indigo Red.